Menu Close

Cholderton – 25 June 2011

Julia Cooper organised a visit on Saturday 25 June to the Cholderton Estate, on the Hants/Wilts border near Andover. The estate is fully organic and is managed sympathetically for wildlife. Owner Henry Edmunds kindly spent the day guiding the group round the estate, with transport provided by an elderly Bedford lorry. First stop was a meadow area, planted up with rare native trees, including a selection of Sorbus specimens and a Plymouth Pear. Despite the cloudy conditions, Ringlet and Marbled White butterflies were on the wing and Large and Small Skippers were seen. A Victorian boating lake had been restored and is now home in spring to hundreds of toads, while Brown Hairstreak butterflies use the adjoining blackthorn thicket. A Purple Emperor had been pupating on a Goat Willow next to the pond and the group were able to inspect the newly-emerged adult butterfly at close quarters.

There followed an exciting drive under low overhanging branches to an area of deciduous woodland. Coppicing is encouraging violets, the food-plant of Pearl-bordered and Silver-washed Fritillary butterflies. The picnic lunch was consumed in an area of high quality chalk grassland, with flowers including Dropwort, Sainfoin, Horseshoe Vetch, Bastard Toadflax and Fragrant Orchids. A clump of Comfrey at the bottom of the field had a colony of Scarlet Tiger moths. Next stop was an area of restored chalk grassland, with Dark-green Fritillary, Red Admiral, Painted Lady and Small Tortoiseshell butterflies and nesting Skylarks and Corn Buntings. The adjoining field was red with poppies, both Common Poppy and the smaller and darker Rough Poppy. It had been ploughed in February and barley had been planted round the outside. The bare ground in April was ideal for nesting Lapwings, while the barley provided cover for their chicks. When all the ground-nesting birds have left, the field will be sown with turnips as a fodder crop for the cattle. As well as abundant Common Fumitory, a few plants of the rare Fine-leaved Fumitory were found. A Red-legged Partridge was sitting tight at the edge of the path and two tiny chicks peeped out from under its wings.

The group then drove across to the western side of the estate, spotting a hare in one of the fields on the way. Stone Curlews were nesting on a bare scraped area, protected from predators by an electric fence. The final stop was an area of chalk grassland, where plug-sown Horseshoe Vetch was thriving, protected from the rabbits by netting. The grassland had an interesting collection of plants, including Long-stalked Crane’s-bill, Small Toadflax and abundant Pyramidal Orchids.

Pictures by Tony Mundell, Ian Duddle, Laurie Haseler and Jan Haseler

Plants recorded by Tony Mundell & Renée Grayer at Henry Edmunds’ Farm, RDNHS meeting on 25Jun2011.

Separate records were made in each 1km square, though once a common species had been noted anywhere, it was not usually noted in the next 1km square visited. The less common species are given a Comment, usually with a more precise grid reference. Planted trees and shrubs are omitted (though we saw some extremely rare ones!)

Taxon Vernacular Gridref Comment
Achillea millefolium Yarrow SU2342
Agrimonia eupatoria Agrimony SU2342
Alisma plantago-aquatica Water-plantain SU2342
Anacamptis pyramidalis Pyramidal Orchid SU239425 Two spikes at SU 2393 4254, another at SU2396 4257.
Anagallis arvensis Scarlet Pimpernel SU2342
Anisantha sterilis Barren Brome SU2442
Anthemis cotula Stinking Chamomile SU245432 At SU2451 4322.
Anthriscus sylvestris Cow Parsley SU2342
Arabis hirsuta Hairy Rock-cress SU246438 Single plant at SU2462 4385, a few more further south.
Arctium minus Lesser Burdock SU2442
Arenaria serpyllifolia Thyme-leaved Sandwort SU2443
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-Grass SU2342
Artemisia vulgaris Mugwort SU2342
Atriplex patula Common Orache SU2542
Bellis perennis Daisy SU2342
Brachypodium sylvaticum False-brome SU2442
Bromus hordeaceus Soft-brome SU2443
Calystegia silvatica Large Bindweed SU2342
Campanula trachelium Nettle-leaved Bellflower SU2342
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd’s-purse SU2342
Carduus nutans Musk Thistle SU2443
Carduus nutans Musk Thistle SU2442
Carex divulsa subsp. divulsa Grey Sedge SU2442
Carex flacca Glaucous Sedge SU2443
Carex spicata Spiked Sedge SU2342
Carlina vulgaris Carline Thistle SU245437 Several on covered reservoir at SU2450 4371.
Centaurea nigra Common Knapweed SU2342
Centaurea scabiosa Greater Knapweed SU2342
Cerastium fontanum Common Mouse-ear SU2443
Chaenorhinum minus Small Toadflax SU245432 Field edge at SU2456 4325.
Chaerophyllum temulum Rough Chervil SU2342
Chenopodium album Fat-hen SU2443
Cirsium acaule Dwarf Thistle SU244437 A few plants at SU 2444 4377 and 2462 4385.
Cirsium arvense Creeping Thistle SU2342
Cirsium palustre Marsh Thistle SU2442
Clematis vitalba Traveller’s-joy SU2442
Clinopodium vulgare Wild Basil SU2342
Cornus sanguinea Dogwood SU2542
Corylus avellana Hazel SU2342
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn SU2342
Crepis capillaris Smooth Hawk’s-beard SU2342
Dactylis glomerata Cock’s-foot SU2342
Dactylorhiza fuchsii Common Spotted-orchid SU2442
Daucus carota Carrot SU2342
Dipsacus pilosus Small Teasel SU239425 A single plant at SU2394 4257. [A 2004 record on my database says it was introduced nearby in the kitchen garden].
Elodea canadensis Canadian Waterweed SU239425 In pond, possibly planted, as unknown elsewhere in this 10km square.
Euonymus europaeus Spindle SU2342
Euphorbia helioscopia Sun Spurge SU2342
Euphrasia agg Eyebright sp SU2242
Fagus sylvatica Beech SU2442
Fallopia convolvulus Black-bindweed SU2443
Festuca ovina Sheep’s-fescue SU2342
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet SU2342
Filipendula vulgaris Dropwort SU244437 Scattered in several places, e.g. SU2446 4376, SU2447 4379 etc.
Fragaria vesca Wild Strawberry SU2442
Fraxinus excelsior Ash SU2342
Fumaria officinalis Common Fumitory SU2443
Fumaria parviflora Fine-leaved Fumitory SU243431 On field edge at SU2431 4312.
Fumaria parviflora Fine-leaved Fumitory SU244432 Single large plant on field edge at SU2447 4320.
Galium aparine Cleavers SU2342
Galium mollugo Hedge Bedstraw SU2342
Galium odoratum Woodruff SU250427
Galium uliginosum Fen Bedstraw SU2442
Galium verum Lady’s Bedstraw SU2342
Galium verum Lady’s Bedstraw SU2443
Geranium columbinum Long-stalked Crane’s-bill SU2242
Geranium dissectum Cut-leaved Crane’s-bill SU2342
Geranium pratense Meadow Crane’s-bill SU240424 At SU2406 4244. [This species is very common in most of Wiltshire so probably does not merit an 8-figure grid ref. but it thins out in much of Hampshire.]
Geranium robertianum Herb-Robert SU2542
Geum rivale Water Avens SU2342
Geum urbanum Wood Avens SU2442
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy SU2342
Glyceria fluitans Floating Sweet-grass SU2443
Gymnadenia conopsea Chalk Fragrant-orchid SU245438 One at SU2457 4387.
Hedera helix Common Ivy SU2442
Helianthemum nummularium Common Rock-rose SU2442
Helianthemum nummularium Common Rock-rose SU2443
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed SU2342
Hieracium agg. Hawkweed SU2442
Hippocrepis comosa Horseshoe Vetch SU2443
Hypericum hirsutum Hairy St John’s-wort SU2443
Hypericum perforatum Perforate St John’s-wort SU2342
Ilex aquifolium Holly SU2442
Knautia arvensis Field Scabious SU2342
Lamium amplexicaule Henbit Dead-nettle SU2443
Lapsana communis Nipplewort SU2442
Lathyrus pratensis Meadow Vetchling SU2342
Lemna minor Common Duckweed SU2342
Leontodon hispidus Rough Hawkbit SU2342
Leucanthemum vulgare Oxeye Daisy SU2442
Ligustrum vulgare Wild Privet SU2442
Linaria vulgaris Common Toadflax SU2443
Linaria vulgaris Common Toadflax SU2342
Linum catharticum Fairy Flax SU2443
Lolium perenne Perennial Rye-grass SU2342
Lotus corniculatus Common Bird’s-foot-trefoil SU2342
Lychnis flos-cuculi Ragged-Robin SU2342
Lysimachia vulgaris Yellow Loosestrife SU2342
Matricaria discoidea Pineappleweed SU2342
Matricaria discoidea Pineappleweed SU2443
Medicago lupulina Black Medick SU2342
Medicago sativa SU2443
Melilotus altissimus Tall Melilot SU2342
Mentha aquatica Water Mint SU2342
Menyanthes trifoliata Bogbean SU239425 In pond, possibly planted, as unknown elsewhere in this 10km square.
Mercurialis perennis Dog’s Mercury SU2442
Myosotis arvensis Field Forget-me-not SU2342
Myosotis arvensis Field Forget-me-not SU2443
Myosotis scorpioides Water Forget-me-not SU2342
Nymphaea alba White Water-lily SU239425 In pond, possibly planted, as unknown elsewhere in this 10km square.
Odontites vernus Red Bartsia SU2542
Onobrychis viciifolia Sainfoin SU245435 Very plentiful over large area of field SU245435 and SU246435.
Onobrychis viciifolia Sainfoin SU2443
Onobrychis viciifolia Sainfoin SU244437 At SU 2447 4374, SU 2446 4376 etc.
Onobrychis viciifolia Sainfoin SU246435 Very plentiful over large area of field SU245435 and SU246435.
Ononis repens Common Restharrow SU2442
Origanum vulgare Wild Marjoram SU2342
Orobanche elatior Knapweed Broomrape SU244436 Few at SU2446 4369.
Papaver hybridum Rough Poppy SU246432 At SU2463 4329 near field corner.
Papaver rhoeas Common Poppy SU2342
Pastinaca sativa Wild Parsnip SU2443
Phleum bertolonii Smaller Cat’s-tail SU2442
Pilosella officinarum Mouse-ear-hawkweed SU2443
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine SU2443
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain SU2342
Plantago major Greater Plantain SU2342
Plantago media Hoary Plantain SU2442
Plantago media Hoary Plantain SU2443
Poa nemoralis Wood Meadow-grass SU251426 Beside woodland track.
Poa pratensis Smooth Meadow-grass SU2342
Polygala vulgaris Common Milkwort SU2443
Polygonum aviculare Knotgrass SU2342
Populus tremula Aspen SU2342
Potentilla anserina Silverweed SU2442
Potentilla palustris Marsh Cinquefoil SU239425 In pond, possibly planted, as unknown elsewhere in this 10km square.
Potentilla reptans Creeping Cinquefoil SU2442
Primula veris Cowslip SU2443
Primula veris Cowslip SU2342
Prunella vulgaris Selfheal SU2342
Prunus avium Wild Cherry SU2542
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn SU2342
Ranunculus lingua Greater Spearwort SU239425 In pond, possibly planted, as unknown elsewhere in this 10km square.
Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup SU2342
Reseda lutea Wild Mignonette SU2442
Reseda luteola Weld SU2442
Rhamnus cathartica Buckthorn SU2342
Rhinanthus minor Yellow-rattle SU2342
Rosa canina Dog-rose SU2442
Rubus caesius Dewberry SU2542
Rubus fruticosus agg. Bramble SU2342
Rumex acetosa Common Sorrel SU2342
Rumex crispus Curled Dock SU2342
Rumex sanguineus var. sanguineus Red Wood Dock SU249427 Numerous plants along a woodland track, all showing very conspicuous red viens on the leaves.
Salix cinerea subsp. oleifolia Rusty Willow SU2342
Salvia pratensis Meadow Clary SU246438 Single non-flowering patch 30cm x 20cm, at SU2461 4385. [A nearby record for 2008 states ‘planted’].
Sambucus nigra Elder SU2542
Sanguisorba minor Salad Burnet SU2442
Senecio jacobaea Common Ragwort SU2443
Sherardia arvensis Field Madder SU2442
Silene latifolia White Campion SU2442
Silene vulgaris Bladder Campion SU2442
Sisymbrium officinale Hedge Mustard SU2443
Sonchus arvensis Perennial Sow-thistle SU2342
Sonchus asper Prickly Sow-thistle SU2342
Sonchus oleraceus Smooth Sow-thistle SU2443
Stachys sylvatica Hedge Woundwort SU2342
Stellaria media Common Chickweed SU2443
Tanacetum vulgare Tansy SU2342
Taraxacum agg. Dandelion SU2442
Taxus baccata Yew SU2542
Thesium humifusum Bastard-toadflax SU245437 At least 20 plants on covered reservoir at SU2450 4371.
Thesium humifusum Bastard-toadflax SU245438 At least 10 plants at SU2454 4383.
Thymus polytrichus Wild Thyme SU2443
Torilis japonica Upright Hedge-parsley SU2342
Tragopogon pratensis Goat’s-beard SU2342
Trifolium campestre Hop Trefoil SU245435 Beside path along field edge.
Trifolium pratense Red Clover SU2342
Trifolium repens White Clover SU2342
Typha latifolia Bulrush SU2342
Urtica dioica Common Nettle SU2342
Verbascum nigrum Dark Mullein SU2342
Verbascum thapsus Great Mullein SU2342
Veronica arvensis Wall Speedwell SU2443
Veronica chamaedrys Germander Speedwell SU2342
Veronica persica Common Field-speedwell SU2342
Viburnum lantana Wayfaring-tree SU2442
Vicia sativa subsp. segetalis Common Vetch SU2342
Viola arvensis Field Pansy SU2443
Viola hirta Hairy Violet SU2442
Viola riviniana Common Dog-violet SU2442
Butterflies and Moths
Small Skipper
Large Skipper
Purple Emperor
Red Admiral
Painted Lady
Small Tortoiseshell
Dark Green Fritillary
Marbled White
Scarlet Tiger